Tanzania At A Glance

Official name.

The United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania).

Location.

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, is between Kenya and Mozambique.

Capital city.

Administrative capital: Dodoma. Commercial capital: Dar es Salaam.

Area.

Total: 945,087 sq km, land: 886,037 sq km, water: 59,050 sq km. Note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar.

Borders.

Total: 3,861 km. Border countries: Burundi 451 km, the Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km.

Climate.

Tanzania’s climate is predominately tropical. Coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but on the beaches, a sea breeze cools the air considerably. The average day temperature is 30°C. Tanzania has two rainy seasons – the long rains from late March to June and the short rains from November to January. The long rains fall in heavy downpours, often accompanied by violent storms, but the short rains tend to be much less severe. The hottest time of the year is from December to March before the long rains begin. The coolest months are June, July and August when the weather is often overcast. In high-altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro Highlands, temperatures can fall below freezing.

Population

40,213,160 (2008 est.)

Ethnic make-up.

Tanzania has over 120 ethnic groups. Mainland – African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar – Arab, African, mixed Arab and African.

Religion.

Mainland – Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar – more than 99% Muslim.

Language.

Kiswahili or Swahili (official), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), and many local languages.

Communications.

International Direct Dial is available. The country code for Tanzania is +255. The outgoing international code is 00 for the United States or 000 for all other countries. Public call boxes in post offices and main towns operate on a card system, available from most small shops. Several cellular phone companies operate in Tanzania and roaming lines work near most major cities and towns. Internet cafes are plentiful in major city centres.

Currency.

The Tanzania shilling (Tsh or TZS), is divided into 100 cents. There is no limit to the importation of foreign currency.

Currency exchange.

Most hotels offer forex facilities, though sometimes at disadvantageous rates. Forex facilities remain open at the main airports.

Banking.

Banks and bureau de change are available at airports and in all major towns. Banking hours are from Monday – Friday 8.30 am – 3.00 pm, and Saturdays 8.30 am – 1.30 pm. A few branches in the major towns are open until 4.00 pm. Please note that banks are closed on Sundays.

Credit cards and traveller’s cheques.

Credit cards (Access, MasterCard, Visa, American -Express, and Eurocard) are accepted only at major lodges, hotels, and travel agents. A surcharge may be added for this service. ATM and 24-hour cash machines are available in branches of major banks. Travellers’ cheques in pounds sterling or US dollars are recommended, though it may be difficult to exchange them outside the main cities.

Tipping.

Tipping is appreciated. Most hotels and restaurants include a 10% service charge.

Time

GMT +3 all year round. Tanzania maintains an almost constant 12 hours of daylight. Sunrise is typically 06.30 and sunset at 18.45.

Electricity.

220-240 volts AC.

Water

Tanzanian tap water is not safe to drink. Bottled water is readily available.

Landscape.

Plains along the coast; central plateau; highlands in the north. Kilimanjaro (5, 895 m) is the highest point in the country and in Africa. Tanzania is bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world’s second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world’s second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest.

The national parks and reserves.

The game parks of Tanzania have been set aside by the government as wildlife and botanical sanctuaries that enjoy a high degree of protection and management. 25% of Tanzania is gazetted as national parks and reserves making conservation a major element in land use. Tanzania has more than 20 game reserves including the world’s largest, the Selous. Five game reserves have been declared and there are about 50 game-controlled areas totalling more than 120,000 square kilometres. Forest reserves make up 15% of the country.

Biosphere reserves.

Lake Manyara National Park, Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Conservation Area.

World Heritage Sites.

Ngorongoro Conservation area, Selous Game Reserve and Serengeti National Park.

National museums and historical sites.

Olduvai Gorge, The National Museum of Dar es Salaam, The Catholic Mission and prison of Bagamoyo, Ujijii Cultural Centre, Sukuma Museum, Mwanza, The Amboni Caves and Hot Springs, the Tongoni Ruins, the National Museum of Zanzibar (also the Kidichi Persian Baths, the House of Wonders, the Arab Fort, Livingstone’s House, Mangapwani Slaves Caves, the Maruhubi Palace, the Old Slave Market and the People’s Palace).

Flora.

Tanzania’s forests offer over 50 tree species and 200 species of shrubs.

Fauna.

The East African plains support some of the last great herds of wildlife left in the world, offering a greater number and diversity of species than any other continent: Tanzania offers over 80 major species, including ‘The Big Five” (elephant, lion, buffalo, rhino and leopard), and 600 species of butterfly.

Avifauna.

From glacial mountains to savannah plain, semi-desert to tropical rainforest, Tanzania’s botanical versatility supports more than 1,000 bird species.

Entry requirements.

A valid passport. Most visitors to Tanzania require a visa to enter the country. Three-month single-entry tourist visas are available from all Tanzanian embassies (price subject to nationality). For further information contact: www.tanzaniatouristboard.com

Health certification.

The yellow-fever vaccination is no longer officially required when entering Tanzania; however, this is still a requirement for Zanzibar.

Vaccinations.

A number of vaccinations are recommended for visitors to Tanzania (check with your doctor in advance).

Malaria

Malaria is endemic in tropical Africa and protection against it is necessary.

HIV/AIDS.

HIV/AIDS is a serious problem throughout Africa.

Medical insurance.

Travellers to Tanzania are recommended to obtain medical insurance prior to arrival.

Security.

Tanzania is a safe country to travel in. Tanzanians are warm-hearted and generous people and are eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay. Tanzania is a politically stable, multi-democratic country. As in all countries, a little common sense goes a long way and reasonable precautions should still be taken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe and not walking alone at night.

Travelling to Tanzania.

By air.

Tanzania has three international airports: Dar es Salaam International Airport (which handles most international flights), Kilimanjaro International Airport and Zanzibar International Airport.

Dar es Salaam International Airport – Located 15 km southwest of Dar es Salaam and takes approximately 25 minutes to reach by car from downtown.

Kilimanjaro International Airport – Lies 40 km from Arusha and takes approximately one hour to reach by car. Shuttle bus services to the airport run regularly from both Arusha and Moshi.

Zanzibar International Airport – Located approximately 7 km from the centre of Stone Town.

By Road.

From the north, paved roads connect the Kenyan capital of Nairobi with Arusha and cross the border at the Namanga post. A number of shuttle buses, leaving twice daily between the two cities, also follow this route. The trip takes approximately 4 – 6 hours.

From the south, the road from Malawi enters Tanzania at Karonga before continuing onwards to Mbeya. There are no viable bus services along this route.

Driving.

Driving (international driving licence required) in Tanzania is on the left-hand side and traffic signs are international.

Public transport.

Buses and taxis operate in most towns. Price is open to negotiation and should be decided in advance.

Dressing.

Tanzania has no winter and lightweight clothing is worn all year round. It is considered insulting by local tradition to dress scantily or improperly.

Do’s and don’ts.

It is an offence to: deface a Tanzanian banknote; urinate in public; sunbath topless; hire a prostitute; buy or take drugs; remove wildlife products from Tanzania, export products made from elephant, rhino or sea turtle derivatives, or to remove coral. Swearing and blasphemy are inadvisable. Visitors are requested to stand when the Tanzanian anthem is played, or the national flag is raised or lowered. They are also advised that photographing the president without prior permission or any military installation is not permitted.

Photography.

It is considered courteous to ask people if you may take their picture before doing so, particularly in the more far-flung rural areas. A small (token) payment for the photograph may be expected, rather more as a form of polite appreciation than anything else.

BEST OF TANZANIA SAFARI AND NATIONAL PARKS

Get The Necessary Travel Information, Ideas & Advices About Tanzania

TOP TANZANIA EXPERIENCE

Get The Necessary Travel Information, Ideas & Advices About Tanzania

Thinking Of African Safari Tour?

TOP TANZANIA SAFARI FAQS

To have at least four full days on game drives will give you enough time to see an incredible amount of wildlife. Tack on arrival and departure days, travel to and from the national parks and reserves, and we think the optimal time for your safari experience is 6-7 days.

So in general, Tanzania is more affordable while Kenya has a better travel infrastructure. … Kenya has the larger tourism infrastructure and has more lodges to accommodate globetrotters heading on an African safari, so the cost of a safari in Kenya will likely be less than one in Tanzania.

Tanzania has three safari circuits, and each one of them, in its own right, would make Tanzania a top wildlife destination. The popular Northern circuit with the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater offers one of the best classical safaris in Africa, especially if timed with the annual wildebeest migration.

According to the Weather Channel, the best general months for an African safari are September, October, March or April, when temperatures aren’t so scorching-hot.

Africa’s top most safari destination is offering the best Tanzania Safari which has some of the amazing Tanzania Activities, thanks to the iconic game reserves like the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park and more.

Before visit to this iconic place, needs to know about the Best Time To Visit Tanzania for the annual Great Migration of wildebeest and zebra because dry season is best in which wildlife visibility is high.

Go on a safari … or three

Among the most adventurous Tanzania Activities are the jungle safaris. The best Things To Do In Tanzania is the three National Parks of Serengeti, Tarangire and Arusha among which Serengeti has been termed as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. You will find a great number of predators in the jungles of Serengeti in a huge number.

Conquer Kili

It’s not just about safaris in Tanzania. There are various other Tourism Activities In Tanzania like climbing the great Mt Kilimanjaro.  Conquering this world-famous is among the most popular Tanzania Activities. The climb is moderately difficult and for those determined to reach the top can view the spectacular view that awaits you at the summit. Proper planning and training is necessary to reach the mountain top as there are multiple climatic zones that you will experience on the routes.

Witness the Great Migration

Wondering what to do on Tanzania Safari Tours? We are here to answer that. Among Serengeti Activities you can most definitely afford the great migration on your Tanzania Budget Safari. Here the flavors of the African savanna can amaze you and you will be able to see several zebras, eland, and gazelles tearing apart the savanna in Serengeti.

Discover magical Zanzibar

If you are wondering what Things to Do in Zanzibar then you are at the right place. Gorilla Trips takes you to the most amazing Zanzibar sea beaches with tranquil blue hue complementing the white sand in the serene nature of this country. Especially the Swahili coast which is enriched with several diving sites. Apart from this, the Zanzibar city is full of Arabic buildings and picturesque streets making it truly ‘a land of Paradise’.

Tanzania Game drives

Game drives are the best parts of the Tanzania Safari Tours. From the wilderness of Serengeti to the unique Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania hosts the most iconic destinations reserved for game drives. You will find the Big Five here especially due to the annual Great Migration that draws so many to this part of the world.

Tanzania Cultural Experience

Walking through the local streets of Tanzania with Massai guide is a fulfilling experience as it reveals the Tanzania Culture of the many medicinal plants and the secrets of the savannah that come with a lifetime of living in the bush. Apart from this the Swahili culture has people of variety of facial tattoos living in the coast. These tribes have lived here for centuries and have developed a different style and taste from the rest of the country.

Month By Month Guide To Find The Best Tanzania Activities

We have the Best Time To Visit Tanzania guide from which you can decide the best time to explore the Tanzania Activities. Get the month by month guide on below….

  • January and February

This short dry season is characterised by blue skies and sunshine in Tanzania. During this period the calving season is at its best in the southern Serengeti. You can view the wonderful Ngorongoro Crater peacefully with fewer crowds during this time of the year.

  • March to May

This is the Green season in Tanzania when the parks are transformed into luscious, emerald playgrounds and you can see big cats roam through the tall grass, rhino forage on the banks of the flowing and more.

  • June to October

For those wondering about Things to Do in Tanzania Dar Es Salaam in the peak season, it is better to travel during June to October. As the landscape becomes drier and perfect beach and safari destination period. This is also the right period for Great Wildebeest Migration in the Serengeti.

  • November and December

Even with the short rains during this season, this is still a fantastic time to travel. There is plenty of Things to Do In Tanzania in December like game viewing as the rains are rare and don’t interfere your plans.

Now that you know all about the Tanzania Activities to do in this amazing country, don’t wait long, start planning your trip today with Gorilla Trips. We will provide the most accurate Tanzania Travel Guide for various Tanzania Travel Requirements to help you plan your trip better. We also answer all your Tanzania Safari Faq’s so that you have all the adequate knowledge you need for your journey.

BEST OF TANZANIA SAFARI AND NATIONAL PARKS

Get The Necessary Travel Information, Ideas & Advices About Tanzania

TOP TANZANIA EXPERIENCE

Get The Necessary Travel Information, Ideas & Advices About Tanzania

Thinking Of African Safari Tour?

TOP TANZANIA SAFARI FAQS

To have at least four full days on game drives will give you enough time to see an incredible amount of wildlife. Tack on arrival and departure days, travel to and from the national parks and reserves, and we think the optimal time for your safari experience is 6-7 days.

So in general, Tanzania is more affordable while Kenya has a better travel infrastructure. … Kenya has the larger tourism infrastructure and has more lodges to accommodate globetrotters heading on an African safari, so the cost of a safari in Kenya will likely be less than one in Tanzania.

Tanzania has three safari circuits, and each one of them, in its own right, would make Tanzania a top wildlife destination. The popular Northern circuit with the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater offers one of the best classical safaris in Africa, especially if timed with the annual wildebeest migration.

According to the Weather Channel, the best general months for an African safari are September, October, March or April, when temperatures aren’t so scorching-hot.